Natural Resource Governance in Africa

22-23 April 2017, Ethiopia

The scale and diversity of Africa‟s natural resource endowments reveal that the continent alone has 12% of global oil reserves, 40% of global gold deposits, and about two thirds of the world‟s most suitable land for farming and forests. Unfortunately, and for a plethora of reasons, the flipside to this unprecedented potential is that the continent has not been able to fully maximise the developmental benefits that should have accrued from exploiting the resources. For example, the mispricing of natural resources in Africa leads to the loss of $50 billion per year, more than Africa‟s combined foreign direct investment and overseas development aid. In addition, according to an Oxfam estimate, more than US$18 billion per year is lost through resource-related conflicts in Africa, not including indirect costs.

The 6th Tana High Level Forum on Security in Africa, set to take place on 22-23 April 2017, will focus on the theme of “Natural Resource Governance in Africa”. The choice, in many ways, reflect the centrality of natural resources, both in historical as well as in contemporary times, as acknowledged above, in understanding: i) the far-reaching implications on state-society relations within the continent, and ii) Africa’s disadvantageous position in global production and exchange since the earliest days of European penetration and colonialism. It also seeks to showcase how over time, the exploitation of the continent‟s rich and diverse natural resources, both on land and sea, have created several paradoxes; in particular, those leading to inequality and poverty, corruption, unemployment, environmental degradation, violent conflicts, and the elusive quest to realise Africa‟s full developmental potential. While natural resources can serve as a critical national asset to lift citizens out of dire economic situations into sustainable development as the experience of many countries have clearly demonstrated, the flipside is that “[Over] the last 60 years, in any particular year, between 40 and 60 per cent of ongoing internal armed conflicts have been linked to natural resources” (AfDB, 2016). Clearly, then, one of the most important and contentious issues Africa currently faces in the natural resource sector is how to reverse the misfortunes of exploitation and „bring governance back‟ in ensuring that benefits accruing from the continent‟s providential endowments create new opportunities and positive multiplier effects for citizens and the state.

For the 6th Tana Forum on natural resource governance in Africa, the focus will go beyond the conventional wisdom that places sole premium on the long-standing contradictions within the extractive ‘non-renewable’ sector (oil, gas and minerals) in understanding and explaining the challenges of resource governance in Africa. Whereas debates around the governance of natural resources have understandably been fixated with the extractive sector, the 6th Tana Forum will broaden the scope to include issues around the governance of other natural resources, specifically: (a) land, (b) water, (c) the seas, and (d) Forests and Biodiversity. It will seek to understand and explain why the exploitation of these resources are increasingly sources of tension and violence in ways that have profoundly disturbing impacts on peace and stability on the continent. By providence, natural resources are mostly located in peripheral spaces (border areas, on seas, and in remote sites) where the writ of the state is either limited or non-existent. This outlook, in turn, is transforming sites of natural resource exploitation into “colonial” enclaves where operators, mostly transnational companies, are free to act with impunity in ways that impact negatively on weaker host communities; where potential insurgent or terrorist movements thrive away from the prying eyes of the state; where there is a thin-line between formal and informal economies as different sets of rules apply; and where agitations by local communities- even when genuine- are met with heavy-handed and coercive responses by the state at the prompting of international capital, to highlight a few. The Tana Forum will solicit mainstream and alternative perspectives around how issues and concerns linked to the management of natural resources in distant and mostly ungoverned spaces might be tackled in a holistic and sustainable manner before the dire situations
in such locations spread.

Further, the Forum will facilitate debate around how to conceive, design and implement a new set of governance frameworks and priorities to ameliorate or end the recurrent contradictions in the natural resource sector. The role of African institutions in creating, implementing and enforcing policies on natural resource management is critical. In many places across the continent, such institutions are increasingly facing pressure from citizens to focus on accountability, participation and transparency as a means of eradicating corruption and building trust when it comes to natural resource management. It will, in addition, explore a tapestry of issues relating to how to boost the capacity of African countries- individually or collectively- as they demand the renegotiation of the terms and conditions of their engagement with international capital; what roles non-state „civil society‟ actors might play in mediating the new pockets of resource nationalism on the continent; what the risks involved in natural resource governance may be, and how they might be managed in an efficient and sustainable manner. Finally, in looking forward, the Forum will explore the spectrum of new governance infrastructure, mechanisms and regimes required to ensure the effective management of Africa‟s natural resource sector.

Click here to download the full summary on the theme (PDF)

Infographic on Natural Resource Governace in Africa (PDF)

Tana 2017 Programme

6th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa

Natural Resource Governance in Africa

Draft Agenda

22-23 April 2017

Blue Nile Resort, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

 

Click here to download the programme

Tana 2017 in the Media

Below are links to stories in the media that appeared in the run-up to, during, and after Tana 2013. Click read more below to access the links to the media stories.

2 September 2017

Tana Forum switches venue from Bahir Dar to Hawassa

Ezega

 

28 August 2017

Tana Forum 2018 to discuss African ownership and AU reform

RealNews Magazine, Nigeria

 

28 August 2017

Tana Forum 2018 to discuss African ownership, AU reform

Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation (EBC)

 

19 May 2017

Obasanjo’s antidote to military coups in Nigeria

ALC Radio

 

18 May 2017

African leaders take the blame for the continent’s resource curse

Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

 

9 May 2017

Why foreign investors choose Peru and not, erm, Uganda?

Daily Maverick

 

5 May 2017

Forum calls for stronger African natural resources control

Ghana News Agency

 

3 May 2017

Pay bad African leaders to leave power – Obasanjo

Ghana News Agency

 

29 April 2017

Africa’s natural resources fuel industrialization

All Africa/The Ethiopian Herald

 

26 April 2017

Joyce Banda attends 2017 Tana High-Level Forum in Ethiopia

Face of Malawi

 

Here are some highlights from the Tana Forum 2017 – Financial News Nigeria

Pax Nigeria

 

25 April 2017

Takeaways from the 6th Tana Forum on natural resource governance

Real News Magazine

 

State of peace and security in Africa: little or no change

Real News Magazine

 

Museveni blames chiefs for loss of Africa’s sovereignty

New Vision

 

Museveni: Education not key to solving Africa’s problems

Daily Monitor

 

24 April 2017

African universities vice-chancellor’s debate held at Bahir Dar University

Ethiopia Semonegna

 

Africa’s security remains a concern as protests increase

New Business Ethiopia

 

23 April 2017

The 6th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa wraps up

MoFA

 

Museveni: I love that man Trump

The Independent

 

22 April 2017

Museveni in Bahir Dar for security forum on natural resources

The Independent

 

Africa’s natural resources: From curse to a blessing

AlJazeera

 

Puntland President attends Tana High-Level Forum in Ethiopia

Puntland Mirror

 

20 April 2017

Bahir Dar to host the 6th Tana Forum on security in Africa

EBC

 

6th Tana High-Level Forum to be held

All Africa/The Ethiopian Herald

 

18 March 2017

Preparations finalized for 6th Tana Forum

Fana Broadcasting Agency

 

15 March 2017

Forum to deliberate on natural resource governance in Africa

AllAfrica/The Ethiopian Herald

 

14 March 2017

6th Tana Forum to focus on Africa’s natural resource governance

XinHua

 

Africa needs to improve governance of natural resources

Ethiopian News Agency

 

26 January 2017

H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf confirmed to deliver keynote speech at the 2017 Tana Forum

Africa Update Newspaper

 

25 January 2017

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf confirmed to deliver keynote speech

Panafricanvisions

 

25 January 2017

Côte d’Ivoire-Inter/La présidente du Libéria conférencière d’honneur du Forum de Tana 2017

Abidjan.net

 

25 January 2017

H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf confirmed to deliver keynote speech at the 2017 Tana Forum

MILTECH

 

25 January 2017

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf choisie pour présider le Forum de Tana prévu en avril 2017

Soleil FM

 

Liberian President to Give Tana Forum Keynote Address

Real News Magazine

 

Forum sur la sécurité : La Présidente Ellen Johnson Sirleaf invitée en Éthiopie

limpartial.net

 

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, conférencière d’honneur du sixième forum de Tana 2017

La Voix Des Decideurs

 

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf confirmed 2017 Tana Forum keynote speaker

BizNis Africa

 

Pres. Sirleaf to address security forum

The New Dawn Liberia

 

H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf confirmed to deliver keynote speech at the 2017 Tana Forum

Africa Newsroom

 

24 January 2017

Tana 2017: de la gouvernance des ressources naturelles en Afrique

Financial Afrik

 

10 January 2017

Joyce Banda on Reaching Girls Before Age 10, Balancing Tradition With Change, and More

Wilson Center

Tana 2017 Concept Note

1. Introduction: concept and origin

With a view to contributing to the implementation of the AU Tripoli Declaration of August 2009, the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) at Addis Ababa University has taken the initiative to convene an annual high-level forum on security in Africa. The initiative is a response to the Tripoli Declaration that appeals for “African-centred solutions”, and designates peace and security as a collective “intellectual challenge”.

The Forum is an independent initiative of the IPSS and of eminent African personalities, including the late Prime Minister of Ethiopia Meles Zenawi. The Forum is an informal gathering of African decision makers, peace and security stakeholder groups, and their large constituencies for an open discussion of security issues and challenges on the continent.

2. Overall mission and objectives

African peace and security issues are normally discussed in formal meetings of appropriate institutional frameworks at AU, RECs/RMs and national levels. The Forum aims at:

  • Providing opportunities to decision making leaders and institutions to exchange experiences and insights on peace and security issues among themselves in view of taking home inspirations and practical lessons;
  • Giving opportunities to political decision-makers to interact and consult with a broad-based African constituency as well as with key global actors;
  • Contributing to a substantive African open debate on peace and security issues of key and strategic importance to the continent and its regional institutions;
  • Communicating with, and listening to, “profound Africa” on various dimensions and components of peace and security in the continent, thus facilitating an inclusive dialogue among governments and other African security stakeholder groups;
  • Sensitising and mobilising other stakeholders, actors and the overall African opinion for large ownership of Africa-owned solutions on peace and security

The Forum is an annual event that gives opportunities to African decision makers (chief executives) and peace and security stakeholder groups to exchange ideas on current peace and security trends in Africa.

Click here to download the full Concept Note

Tana 2017 Pre-Forum Activities

Gain exposure and exhibit your work at the Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia!
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The winner’s of this year’s competition are:

  1. Vision 2020: Bolu Ikuemonisan
  2. Stitch in time: Ibrahim Yusuf
  3. Exploitation: Ezeemo Uchechukwu
  4. Once upon a Redemption: Anayo Oleru

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How do you interpret natural resource governance in Africa – the theme of the 6th Tana Forum? This year’s theme examines 5 natural resources: extractive resources, land use, in-land water resources, resources of the sea, and forests and biodiversity. One of the most important and contentious issues Africa currently faces in the natural resource sector is how to reverse the misfortunes of exploitation and ‘bring governance back’ in ensuring that benefits accruing from the continent’s providential endowments create new opportunities and positive multiplier effects for citizens and the state. “[Over] the last 60 years, in any particular year, between 40 and 60 per cent of ongoing internal armed conflicts have been linked to natural resources” (AfDB, 2016). 
 
Enter between now and 28 February 2017 to stand a chance to display your artwork to leaders and decision makers working on peace and security in Africa. The top 10 pieces will be displayed and the winner with the most votes from the selection committee will be invited (all expenses covered) to participate in the 6th Tana Forum on 22-23 April 2017.
 
Rules:
  • The competition will run from 15 December 2016 to 28 February 2017.
  • Open to African nationals.
  • Submissions are limited to one entry per person.
  • Submissions must be the original work of the artist.
  • All art mediums are eligible: Paintings, drawings, photographs, sculptures, videos (no longer than 10 minutes), poems, etc.  
  • Artists are responsible for all related shipping costs.
  • Sculptures and other 3-dimensional submissions must be no larger than 75x115x75cm and weigh no more than 10kg.
  • Photographs must be high-resolution (minimum 2340x3280 pixels).
  • Paintings/drawings/photographs are limited to 60x90cm and must be unframed and rolled in a protective casing upon submission.
  • All submissions must include a digital photograph for the online voting page.
  • Artists may include a photo of their artwork for use on the online voting page.
  • Submissions can be made online (communications@ipss-addis.org) or sent by post to the address below:
Attention: Dr. Solomon Hassen
Tana Forum Secretariat
Institute for Peace and Security Studies
Addis Ababa University
P.O. Box 1176
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  
The competition will close on 28 February 2017. All entries will be open to public vote and the artist with the most votes on 1 March 2017 will be declared the winner.
 
For questions, please write to communications@ipss-addis.org.

Tana 2017 Speeches

“Leadership in Africa: Reflections on the Legacies of the Late Dr. Wangari Maathai” 2017 Annual Meles Zenawi Lecture Series delivered by Mr. Akere T. Muna, Chairperson of the International Anti-Corruption Conference and Sanctions Commissioner of the African Development Bank Group, Cameroon

Welcome address by H.E. Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Host of the Tana Forum

Statement by H.E. Thomas Kwesi Quartey, Deputy Chairperson, African Union Commission

The State of Peace and Security in Africa 2017 by H.E. Mr. Olusegun Obasanjo, Former President of Nigeria and Chairperson of the Tana Forum Board

Keynote address delivered by H.E. Amos Sawyer, former President of the Interim Government of National Unity in Liberia

Summary of day one and setting the stage for day two by Dr. iur. Mehari Taddele Maru, Director, Matu Consult Plc.

Summary and takeaways by Dr. Stergomena Lawrence Tax, Executive Secretary, Southern African Development Community (SADC), Botswana

Way forward and vote of thanks by H.E. Mr. Olusegun Obasanjo, Former President of Nigeria and Chairperson of the Tana Forum Board

Closing remarks by H.E. Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and host of the Tana Forum Board

Tana 2017 Forum Documents

  • Final Report

Click here to download

  • Outcomes Document

Click here to download

  • Evaluation Report

Click here to download

  •  2017 Background Paper on Natural Resource Governance in Africa and State of Peace and Security in Africa: No Retreat, No Surrender 

Click here to download

  •  Summary on the Theme

Click here to download

  • Concept Note

Click here to download

  • Programme

Click here to download

  • Speakers List

Click here to download

  • List of Participants

Click here to download

  • Infographics

Click here to download

  • Winning Essay – Tana Essay Competiton 

Click here to download the essay

  • Report on the Tana Regional Multi-Stakeholder Pre-Forum

Click here to download

Tana 2017 Final Report

6th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa

Natural Resource Governance in Africa

Final Report

22-23 April 2017

Blue Nile Resort, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

 

Click here to download the Final Report