Emerging Technologies and their Impact on Peace and Security in Africa
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The emergence of new technologies has created new opportunities in the areas of peace and security especially in conflict prevention, peace operations, peace building. New technologies have made it possible to collect data in crime and conflict enhancing the efficiency of early warning and response. Peace operations can now be implemented in asymmetric threat environment and monitoring and observation can be performed more efficiently as a result of this advancement. Similarly, they foster the peacebuilding efforts down to local level. In addition, changes in technology have always impacted theatres of war and peace. With such advancement comes the engagement of new technologies such as drones and other modern forms of hybrid warfare that introduces their own set of new challenges. They also carry the potential for adverse effects like the danger posed by the militarization of emerging technologies, especially if used in the context of terrorism. Moreover, cell phones and the Internet in addition to enhancing civic participation and empowerment are increasingly being employed to facilitate conflicts by serving as channel of communication, control public belief, raise awareness on new warfare techniques, documenting intelligence, and taking on cyber-attacks by Violent extremists, organized crime and gangs etc.